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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day
PostPosted: Mon Jan 10, 2011 12:00 am 
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January 10, 1861 Thursday
Florida Is Third State To Secede

At Tallahassee the Florida State Convention passed an ordinance of secession 62 to 7. The convention had been called by the governor and legislature shortly after Lincoln's election in November. Voters went to the polls on December 22, and elected a large majority of immediate secessionists. However, those opposed to immediate secession, called cooperationists, constituted roughly between 36 percent and 43 percent of the voters, and accounted for twenty-seven delegates as compared to forty-two immediate secessionists. The convention assembled in Tallahassee in early January 1861, and on January 10, adopted the ordinance of secession by an overwhelming vote when the bulk of the cooperationists went over to the secessionists. Two Federal forts had already been seized and passage was expected; Florida was the third of the United States to depart. This same day the Federal garrison was transferred from Barrancas Barracks at Pensacola to Fort Pickens on Santa Rosa Island in the harbor. Lieut. A.G. Slemmer had been expecting attack at Barrancas, where prowlers had been about. He immediately began to put Fort Pickens in defensive shape, anticipating assault even there.

Maj. Anderson at Fort Sumter was told by Washington to act strictly on the defensive but to defend his position, as preparations of a military nature and great agitation continued at Charleston in wake of the Star of the West incident.

In Louisiana state troops seized the U.S. Arsenal and Barracks at Baton Rouge and Forts Jackson and St. Philip, strategically located on the Mississippi River below New Orleans near the river mouths as well as Fort Pike on Lake Ponchartrain. The Arsenal contained 50,000 small arms, 4 howitzers, 20 heavy pieces of ordinance, 2 batteries, and 300 barrels of gun powder.

Citizens of Wilmington, N.C., occupied Fort Caswell, a move repudiated a few days later by authorities as was the seizure of Fort Johnston yesterday by citizens of Smithville.

William H. Seward accepted the post of Secretary of State in the Cabinet being formed; it had long been expected he would be a major figure in the Lincoln Administration.

Warning that the nation was being carried into war, Sen. Jefferson Davis of Mississippi called upon the Senate to act. “Senators, we are rapidly drifting into a position in which this is to become a Government of the Army and Navy in which the authority of the United States is to be maintained, not by law, not by constitutional agreement between the States, but by physical force; and you will stand still and see this policy consummated?” If secession was necessary, it was a quarrel not of the South’s making and if allowed to separate peacefully, there need be no difficulty.

Mrs. Lincoln, accompanied by brother-in-law, Clark M. Smith, and former Cong. Tuck (N.H.), leaves for New York to make purchases for White House.

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Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day
PostPosted: Mon Jan 10, 2011 10:49 pm 
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January 11, 1861 Friday
Alabama Secedes From The Union

A fourth state departed from the United States. By vote of 61 to 39 the Alabama State Convention in Montgomery adopted an ordinance of secession, joining South Carolina, Mississippi, and Florida. The vote against secession was considerably larger than in previous votes of other states, but many of those who felt bound in principle to oppose secession stated that now that the issue had been decided they would support their state. There had been considerable debate in the convention, especially over a proposed referendum. Northern Alabama, particularly, had strong pockets of anti-secession sentiment. But again, as elsewhere, that night in Montgomery the streets were crowded, rockets blazed, firecrackers popped, and people shouted. The Southern Cross and the Lone Star were the emblems of the time, displayed in illuminated transparencies.

South Carolina again demanded the surrender of Fort Sumter and was summarily refused by Maj. Anderson. Louisiana troops took possession of the U.S. Marine Hospital two miles below New Orleans. In the North the legislature of New York adopted strong pro-Union resolutions. Staunch unionist John A. Dix of New York was appointed Secretary of the Treasury to succeed Philip F. Thomas.

To Republican Congressman James T. Hale of Pennsylvania, President-elect Lincoln wrote that the had won an election and “Now we are told in advance, the government shall be broken up, unless we surrender to those we have beaten, before we take the offices.” He added, “if we surrender, it is the end of us, and of the government.”

Mass meetings continued North and South. Former Sec. of War Floyd in Richmond urged opposition to coercion, while a Federal judge in Mobile announced from the windows of his courtroom that the U.S. Court for the South District of Alabama was “adjourned forever.”

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Gen Ned Simms
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Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day
PostPosted: Tue Jan 11, 2011 9:55 pm 
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January 12, 1861 Saturday
Mississippi representatives in Congress withdrew from the House, while back home artillery was ordered to Vicksburg to help control shipping on the Mississippi. Star of the West arrived in New York after its failure at Charleston. Florida state troops took over the Barrancas Barracks, Fort Barrancas, Fort McRae, and the Pensacola Navy Yard, commanded by Captain James Armstrong, USN. Union troops escaped across the Bay to Fort Pickens on Santa Rosa Island, a position which remained in Union hands throughout the war. At the same time the Florida state troops demanded the surrender of Fort Pickens, which was refused. Tennessee passes a Convention Bill to consider secession.

Senator Seward of New York in an important address in the Senate said, “The alarm is appalling; for the Union is not more the body than liberty is the soul of the nation…. A continuance of the debate on the constitutional power of Congress over the subject of slavery in the Territories will not save the Union. The Union cannot be saved by proving that secession is illegal or unconstitutional.” He dreaded civil war and added, “I do not know what the Union would be worth if saved by the use of the sword.” He proposed that slavery be left alone where it existed and under control of the states, but opposed slavery in the territories. The Ohio legislature pledged its support to the Union. An abolitionist meeting in Rochester, N.Y., was broken up by pro-Union sympathizers.

In letter to Sen. Seward (N.Y.) Lincoln reveals that he is trying to get at least one Southerner in cabinet; also informs him that there is "scarcely any objection" to him as secretary of state, but that there will be trouble over "every other Northern cabinet appointment."

And free enterprise continued to thrive as the following article appeared in the Arkansas Gazette:

Attention Militia!!
Patronise Home Manufacture. The undersigned is now manufacturing Military Drums, Bass and Tenor, of the very best quality and fine finish at Rockport, Arkansas. Orders for Drums will be filled as quick as possible. Prices reasonable.
H.C. Ward
Rockport, Ark., Jan. 12, 1861

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day
PostPosted: Wed Jan 12, 2011 7:55 pm 
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January 13, 1861 Sunday
Gov. Pickens of South Carolina asked Washington for $3000 due him as former Minister to Russia; the Treasury sent him a draft on the Charleston Subtreasury, already taken over by the state.

Two envoys arrived in Washington. One, Lieut. J. Norman Hall, carried messages from Maj. Anderson regarding the demand for the surrender of Fort Sumter and Anderson’s refusal. The other, J.W. Hayne, Attorney General of South Carolina, represented the governor and demanded surrender of the fort. Thus there seemed to be a sort of temporary truce set up between Anderson and Gov. Pickens, until Anderson could get further instructions. This truce embarrassed Buchanan, but he later claimed this arrangement ended Feb. 5 with Washington informing the South Carolina commissioner that Fort Sumter would not be surrendered under any circumstances. Each side appeared to misunderstand the other in this matter.

At Pensacola, Fla., shots from the Federal garrison in Fort Pickens forced a Confederate reconnaissance detachment to abandon their effort to reconnoiter the area around the fort.

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day
PostPosted: Thu Jan 13, 2011 8:46 pm 
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January 14, 1861 Monday
The House of Representatives Committee of Thirty-three, like the Senate Committee of Thirteen, was unable to agree on any compromise proposals. In fact, they were unwilling to act for or against. Finally Chairman Thomas Corwin of Ohio was authorized to report the main proposals to the House. On Jan. 14 Corwin submitted a proposed constitutional amendment which would protect slavery where it existed, and rule out any other amendment concerning slavery except by approval of the slaveholding states. Also he proposed repeal of the personal liberty laws, and execution of the fugitive slave laws, but urged admitting fugitive slaves to jury trials. Others of the committee opposed this report. Little came of it except that the amendment protecting slavery was passed by Congress but never ratified by the states.

Louisiana state troops seized Fort Pike, La., near New Orleans.

South Carolina Legislature declares that any attempt to reinforce Fort Sumter would be considered an open act of hostility and a declaration of war. The Legislature also approves the Governor's action in firing on the Star of the West.

Virginia Assembly approves a convention to consider secession.

Federal troops garrisoned Fort Taylor at Key West, Fla., in a move that perhaps prevented seizure, and provided the Union with a vital base for supplying and coaling blockaders and other vessels throughout the war. Without such bases on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts, the blockade and many military operations would have been impossible.

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day
PostPosted: Sat Jan 15, 2011 1:02 am 
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January 15, 1861 Tuesday
Demands that Fort Pickens be surrendered to Florida were refused by the Federal commander once more. Talk was increasing throughout the South of a new confederation of Southern states and plans were being laid for a convention.

Colonel Albert Sidney Johnston, 2nd US Cavalry, Brevet Brigadier General , USA, assumes command of the Department of the Pacific

"When Mrs. Lincoln was on her way home from New York, attended by her son Robert, she found herself at Buffalo, without a pass over the State Line Railroad; no provisions had been made for that part of her trip from New York City to Springfield. After Mrs. Lincoln had taken her seat at Buffalo Bob entered the office of R. N. Brown, esq., the superintendent of the State Line Railroad, and said: 'My name is Bob Lincoln; I'm a son of Old Abe—the old woman is in the cars raising h-ll about her passes—I wish you would go and attend to her.' Mr. Brown allowed Mrs. Lincoln and Bob to ride over his railroad free of charge."

Missouri Senate passes Convention Bill: yeas 31, neas 2. The Missouri House also passed the Convention Bill.

The Story of the Occupation of Fort Taylor in Key West, Fla. by Union Forces:

As news of the secession of Florida and the seizures of forts and other facilities by state troops drifted into the island city of Key West, concern grew among the military officers there that an attempt might be made by secessionist forces on Fort Taylor.

Started in 1845 as a defense for the harbor at Key West, Fort Taylor was designed to mount three tiers of artillery and the original structure towered over the harbor. Still under construction by 1861, it was nearing completion. The engineer in charge of the project, Captain E.B. Hunt, had assembled a force of 60 workmen who were loyal to the Union and pledged to defend the fort, as well as 20 artillerymen who had come into the work to drill on artillery.

On January 12th, however, Hunt requested Captain J.M. Brannan of the First U.S. Artillery who was stationed at the nearby Key West Barracks to take military command of the fort in order to prepare for its defense. Brannan moved his small force of men into the fort on January 14, 1861, 150 years ago today:

In consequence of the secession of this State and the seizure of the forts and arsenals in other Southern States, I have moved my command to fort Taylor, and shall defend it to the last moment against any force attempting to capture it. I have four months’ provisions and 70,000 gallons water, but we cannot stand a siege against any organized army, and therefore should be re-enforced immediately. - Captain J.M. Brannan, U.S. Army, January 15, 1865.

The move by Brannan came before state troops could move to occupy Fort Taylor and assured that the fort would remain in Union hands for the duration of the war. Captain Hunt and his men had already mounted 60 guns in the fort before Brannan's company moved in and the fort had become impregnable for all practical purposes.

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Gen Ned Simms
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Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day
PostPosted: Sat Jan 15, 2011 10:18 pm 
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January 16, 1861 Wednesday
The Crittenden Compromise was effectually killed in the U.S. Senate. The Senate adopted a resolution that the Constitution “needs to be obeyed rather than amended.” Six Southern Senators who refused to vote and the votes of Republicans defeated Crittenden once more. Had these southern Democrats voted, there would have been a majority to take up the proposal. For most of the month the Senate had been debating compromise in general with many fine words, many ideas, and some heat, but no working conclusion had been reached.

The Arkansas legislature completed a bill calling for a referendum on secession.

Georgia’s secession convention assembled in Milledgeville.

L. J. Fleming, Superintendent of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad, has offered Gov. Pettus, of Mississippi, the free use of the entire line for the transportation of troops, arms, &c.

A crowd of about 4,000 met at National Hall in Philadelphia to demonstrate for a peaceful resolution to the secession crisis. The meeting passed resolutions that favored states" rights, the Crittenden Compromise, and other concessions to the South. The twelfth resolution, included below, was much more drastic.

Resolved, That in the deliberate judgement of the Democracy of Philadelphia, and, so far as we know it, of Pennsylvania, the dissolution of the Union by the separation of the whole South , a result we shall most sincerely lament, may release this Commonwealth from the bonds which now connect her with the Confederacy except so far as for temporary convenience she chooses to submit to them, and would authorize and require her citizens through a Convention to be assembled for that purpose, to determine with whom her lot should be cast, whether with the North and East, whose fanaticism has precipitated this misery upon us, or with her brethren of the South, whose wrongs we feel as our own, or whether Pennsylvania should stand by herself, as a distinct community ready when occasion offers to bind together the broken Union, and resume her place of loyalty and devotion.

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1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day
PostPosted: Sun Jan 16, 2011 11:03 pm 
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January 17, 1861 Thursday
Lincoln announces selection of Judge Edward Bates of Missouri and Sen. Seward (N.Y.) for cabinet. No further selections will be made until he arrives in Washington.

Due to light news today, a couple of interesting tid bits are offered instead:

On this day, the flush toilet was patented by Mr. Thomas Crapper (didn’t make this up).


The Death of Countess Lola Montez

We lost perhaps the most notorious personage ever to grace the streets of San Francisco.
I speak, of course, of Countess Lola Montez . Yes, that’s the one — “whatever Lola wants, Lola gets”.

You already know Lola’s story, of course. You don’t? The breathtakingly gorgeous Irish peasant girl with the soul of a grifter and the heart of a despot? How she — with a few sexy dance steps, a fraudulent back story involving Spanish noble blood and the claim of Lord Byron as her father — turned Europe upside down and provoked a revolution in Bavaria?

Still doesn’t ring a bell, hmm? Well, Lola’s whole story is a little too large for this space. She’d already lived about three lifetimes’ worth of adventure — and burned through romances with personalities from King Ludwig the First to Sam Brannan — before conquering Gold Rush-era San Francisco with her scandalous “Spider Dance”.

After her European escapades, Lola found that freewheeling San Francisco suited her tempestuous eccentricity to a T. Brandishing the title of “Countess” — a Bavarian souvenir — she drank and caroused and became the absolute center of the young city’s attention.

It’s said that men would come pouring out of Barbary Coast saloons to gawk at the raven-haired vision sashaying through the mud with a pair of greyhounds at her heels, a white cockatoo perched on one shoulder, and a cigar cocked jauntily from her lips … and do I even need to mention her pet grizzly bears?

Though Lola possessed perhaps the biggest personality in a larger-than-life city, it may be that her greatest contribution to San Francisco culture came after she retired to a small cottage in the Sierra Nevada. It was there that she taught a tiny red-haired neighbor girl to dance. Little Lotta Crabtree would grow up to be the most acclaimed and beloved performer in San Francisco history, eventually becoming the darling of the entire country — a genuine Gilded Age superstar.

Meanwhile, Lola Montez unsurprisingly tired of the quiet mountain life, emerging from retirement and relocating to New York City. Lola spent the last years of her life back East, giving lectures, writing advice books, still dancing, and then at the very last moment finding religion.

On January 17, 1861, Lola Montez — born “Elizabeth Rosanna Gilbert” from County Sligo — died of pneumonia in a New York apartment. In her own words “always notorious, never famous”, the Countess had a pretty good run.

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day
PostPosted: Sun Jan 16, 2011 11:35 pm 
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Here is a picture of Lola from Wiki:
Image

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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day
PostPosted: Mon Jan 17, 2011 3:50 pm 
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From the description the picture may not do her justice - sounds like she would fit in well with the Hollywood set today :shock:

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Georgia State Volunteers Brigade
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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day
PostPosted: Mon Jan 17, 2011 5:37 pm 
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Here are some more images of Lola:Image
[img]http://www.zpub.com/sf/history/lola1g.jpg
[/img]
Image
She died before she was forty and the phtographs were taken in 1851 when she would be about thirty! So she had some miles on her and it showed.

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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day
PostPosted: Mon Jan 17, 2011 8:39 pm 
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January 18, 1861 Friday
President Buchanan named Joseph Holt of Kentucky as Secretary of War to succeed John B. Floyd, who had resigned under fire. Holt, a strong supporter of the Union, had been Postmaster General and effective in bolstering the President’s position.

The U.S. Army garrisoned Fort Jefferson on Dry Tortugas, Fla., off Key West. Though not as useful as Key West, the fort became famous as a prison for political prisoners during the Civil War.

Florida again requested the surrender of Fort Pickens and again was turned down.

The legislature of Massachusetts offered the President aid in men and money in order to maintain the authority of the nation.

At Georgia’s secession convention, former state supreme court justice Eugenius Nisbet introduced a resolution calling for Georgia’s secession from the Union and cooperating with the other seceded states to form a "Southern Confederacy." Nisbet also moved that a committee be appointed to draft articles of secession. Former governor Herschel Johnson offered a substitution resolution calling on southern states to send delegates to a congress to be held Feb. 16, 1861 in Atlanta to decide on a joint course of action. According to the substitute resolution, essential elements for Georgia remaining in the Union included: Congress taking no action to abolish or prohibit slavery in the territories, return of fugitive slaves, prosecution of anyone rescuing slaves, protection of slave property in the territories, admission of states as free or slave as determined by the residents of the state, and no blacks being allowed to hold federal office. Johnson’s resolution failed, and that of Nisbet adopted (yeas 165, neas 130). Following the vote, Nisbet was named to chair the committee to draft a secession ordinance for Georgia.

Confederates (I assume Alabama state troops) seized U.S. lighthouse tender Alert at Mobile, Alabama.

Florida appoints delegates to Southern Congress at Montgomery, Alabama.

Virginia appropriates $1,000,000 for the defense of the State.

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1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day
PostPosted: Tue Jan 18, 2011 9:26 pm 
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January 19, 1861 Saturday
Georgia Convention Passes Ordinance Of Secession

Georgia became the fifth state to depart from the Union as its State Convention in Milledgeville voted 208 to 89 in favor of an ordinance of secession. Prior to the election of Lincoln it appeared that a majority of Georgians favored the Union to some extent. But the election, the secession of South Carolina and other deep South states had swayed many. There still, however, was a strong moderate group led by Alexander H. Stephens, Herschel V. Johnson, and Benjamin H. Hill opposing secession. Such men as Howell Cobb, Thomas R. R. Cobb, and Francis S. Bartow led the secessionists. Again the great throng outside the hall, the thundering cannon, the illumination at night, and the cheers. Moves to postpone placing the ordinance into effect were defeated. But despite the celebration there were many, particularly from the uplands and interior, who doubted the wisdom of the step.


AN ORDINANCE

TO DISSOLVE THE UNION BETWEEN THE STATE OF GEORGIA AND OTHER STATES UNITED WITH HER UNDER A COMPACT OF GOVERNMENT ENTITLED "THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

We, the people of the State of Georgia, in Convention assembled, do declare and ordain, and it is hereby declared and ordained,

That the ordinance adopted by the people of the State of Georgia in Convention, on the second day of January, in the year of our Lord seventeen hundred and eighty-eight, whereby the Constitution of the United States of America was assented to, ratified and adopted; and also all acts and parts of acts of the General Assembly of this State ratifying and adopting amendments of the said Constitution, are hereby repealed, rescinded and abrogated.

We do further declare and ordain, That the Union now subsisting between the State of Georgia and other States, under the name of the "United States of America," is hereby dissolved, and that the State of Georgia is in the full possession and exercise of all those rights of sovereignty which belong and appertain to a free and independent State.

GEORGE W. CRAWFORD,
President.
Attest: A. R. LAMAR, Secretary.
Passed January 19, 1861.


While the Mississippi legislature called for a convention of representatives from the seceding states, the Virginia General Assembly passed a resolution inviting the states to send representatives to a peace convention in Washington Feb. 4, and Tennessee invited slaveholding states to another convention. The Virginia peace convention was intended to explore ways of averting war, and its chosen day of assembling was selected to coincide with the convening of the secessionist states at Montgomery, Alabama. Virginia Legislature also passes a resolution that if all efforts to reconcile the differences of the country fail, every consideration of honor and interest demands that Virginia shall unite her destinies with her sister slaveholding States. Also that no reconstruction of the Union can be permanent or satisfactory which would not secure to each section self-protecting power against any invasion of the Federal Union upon the reserved rights of either.

Tennessee votes to hold a secessionist election.

Mississippi state troops take Ft. Massachusetts and Ship Island.

_________________
Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day
PostPosted: Wed Jan 19, 2011 9:01 pm 
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January 20, 1861 Sunday
Forces of Mississippi took Fort Massachusetts and the other installations on Ship Island in the Gulf off Mississippi. Two other groups had visited the island and demanded its surrender, but they had left. This time Ship Island, potentially important as a staging and supply point, was finally taken over by the secessionist.

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day
PostPosted: Thu Jan 20, 2011 11:31 pm 
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January 21, 1861 Monday
In a dramatic and moving scene in the United States Senate, five senators from Florida, Alabama, and Mississippi left the chamber. Their farewell speeches showed reluctance, determination, sorrow, and disappointment. David L. Yulee indicated his path lay with his state of Florida; Stephen R. Mallory of Florida tearfully called for reason and justice over party and passion; Clement C. Clay, Jr., of Alabama, pointed to the years of trial that had led to the present crisis; Benjamin Fitzpatrick of Alabama acknowledged his loyalty to his sovereign state. Then rose Jefferson Davis of Mississippi. Because of the secession of his state “my functions are terminated here.” “I concur in the action of the people of Mississippi, believing it to be necessary and proper, and should have been bound by their action if my belief had been otherwise … I am sure I feel no hostility to you, Senators from the North. I am sure there is not one of you, whatever sharp discussion there may have been between us, to whom I cannot now say, in the presence of my God, I wish you well; … Mr. President, and Senators, having made the announcement which the occasion seemed to me to require, it only remains for me to bid you a final adieu.” Ill, having passed a sleepless night, Davis gravely gave his farewell to the Senate he had served so well. Unshed tears were in his voice, which at first faltered. He was listened to in deep silence, broken by some applause, which Davis depreciated. “Inexpressibly sad he left the chamber, with but faint hope,” his wife wrote. That night she heard him pray for peace.

Georgia, Alabama, and Florida members of the House of Representatives also withdrew from the U.S. Congress.

Rumors continued to fly everywhere; this time the Brooklyn Navy Yard was to be attacked. In Boston abolitionist Wendell Phillips addressed the Congregational Society, said he was a disunion man, was glad that the Southern states were leaving, and that he hoped all the slave states would leave and soon. The New York legislature in a series of resolutions pledged to support the Union.

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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