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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day 1865
PostPosted: Fri May 01, 2015 3:00 pm 
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May 1, 1865 Monday
President Johnson ordered the naming of nine army officers to make up the military commission to try the eight accused Lincoln assassination conspirators. It had been ruled by Federal authorities that they were subject to trial before a military commission rather than a civil court. Those accused and held in prison were David E. Herold, who had been with Booth, George A. Atzerodt, Samuel Arnold, Lewis Payne (or Paine), Michael O’Laughlin, Edward Spangler, Mrs Mary E. Surrant, and Samuel A. Mudd. In Chicago thousands thronged to the courthouse to pay last respects to Lincoln, lying in state.

In the limited military action now going on there was a scout until May 9 from Ojo de Anaya, New Mexico Territory as the Indian troubles continued. President Davis and his fleeing party arrived at Cokesbury, South Carolina in what was becoming a more and more desperate flight. James Sanks Brisbin, USA; Thomas Ogden Osborn, USA; and Joseph Haydn Potter, USA; are appointed to Brigadier General. Major General Gouverneur K. Warren ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gouverneur_K._Warren ), USA, succeeds Major General Napoleon J. T. Dana ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleon_J.T._Dana ), USA, in command of the Federal Department of Mississippi.

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Gen Ned Simms
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Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day 1865
PostPosted: Sat May 02, 2015 7:08 pm 
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May 2, 1865 Tuesday
Maj Gen E.R.S. Canby telegraphed Gen Grant that Confederate Gen Richard Taylor had accepted the terms for surrender of his forces in Alabama and Mississippi, based on the Appomattox settlement.

President Johnson issued a proclamation accusing President Davis and others of inciting the murder of Lincoln and procuring the actual perpetrators. A $100,000 reward was offered for the arrest of Davis. This accusation is often ascribed to the hysteria resulting from the assassination; no reliable historian has ever connected the Confederate President with the deed.

President Davis, accompanied by most of his cabinet and other ranking officials of the Confederacy, entered Abbeville, South Carolina, escorted by the remnants of four brigades of cavalry commanded by Brigadier General Basil Duke. The President's cavalry train was met there by Lieutenant W. H. Parker, commanding the 150 man naval escort which had safely transported and guarded the Confederate archives and treasury during the thirty day journey from Richmond. Parker transferred his cargo to Acting Secretary of the Treasury John Reagan and was instructed by him to deliver it to General Duke. Upon completing the transfer, Parker disbanded his command; but with a lingering optimism for the Confederacy's future, he ordered each of his Midshipmen: "You are hereby detached from the naval school, and leave is granted you to visit your home. You will report by letter to the Hon. Secretary of the Navy as soon as, practicable." Later in, the day, Parker conferred with the President and advised him that his chances for escape would be greatly enhanced if he would abandon his large cavalry escort and leave "now with a few followers and cross the Mississippi, as you express a desire to do eventually, and there again raise the standard." In a council Davis expressed a wish to try to continue the war, but the others did not agree. By midnight the Confederate refugees left Abbeville. President Davis, after proceeding to Washington, Georgia, from Abbeville, did replace the cavalry train with a 10 man mounted escort. However, rather than immediately setting out for the trans-Mississippi west, the President detoured and overtook his wife fleeing toward the Florida coast. He traveled with his family until the l0th in an effort to see them safely through threatening marauders, and was captured by a unit of the Fourth Michigan Cavalry while encamped near Irwinville, Georgia, on the eve of his intended departure for the west.

Secretary Mallory penned a brief letter of resignation while at Abbeville and handed it to President Davis on the 3rd at Washington, Georgia, where Mallory took leave of his chief. "The misfortunes of our country," wrote the Navy Secretary, "have deprived me of the honor and opportunity longer to serve her, and the hour has approached when I can no longer be useful to you personally. Cheerfully would I follow you and share whatever fate may befall you, could I hope thereby in any degree to contribute to your safety or happiness. The dependent condition of a helpless family prevents my departure from the country, and under these circumstances it is proper that I should request you to accept my resignation as Secretary of the Navy." President Davis accepted the resignation with deep regret and added: "For the zeal, ability and integrity with which you have so long and so constantly labored, permit one who had the best opportunity to judge, to offer testimonial and in the name of our country and its sacred cause to return thanks." Mallory then set out for La Grange, Georgia, to join his family and "to await the action of the (United States] government."

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day 1865
PostPosted: Sat May 02, 2015 7:12 pm 
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May 3, 1865 Wednesday
By daylight President Davis and his party crossed the Savannah River, moving to Washington, Georgia. Reluctantly Davis accepted the resignation of Sec of the Navy S.R. Mallory, one of two Confederate Cabinet members who had served in the same post since the founding of the Confederacy. Judah Benjamin also departed and eventually escaped to Britain.

The Lincoln funeral train reached its destination, Springfield, Illinois.

There was skirmishing on the Missouri River near Boonville, and an affair near Pleasant Hill, Missouri. Also there were operations until the sixth about Fort Adams, Mississippi and a Union expedition from Rodney to Port Gibson, Mississippi until May 6.

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day 1865
PostPosted: Sun May 03, 2015 8:38 pm 
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May 4, 1865 Thursday
At a conference at Citronelle, Alabama some forty miles north of Mobile, Gen Richard Taylor surrendered the Confederate forces in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana. As in the other surrenders, officers and men retained horses they owned and the men signed paroles. Taylor was allowed to retain control of railways and steamers to transport troops home. Sporadic action continued, with skirmishing at Star House near Lexington, Missouri; a Yankee scout from Pine Bluff to Noble’s Farm, Arkansas; and a skirmish at Wetumpka, Alabama. Meanwhile, the dismal and dwindling procession with President Davis continued southward into Georgia.

Abraham Lincoln was buried at Springfield, Illinois.

During this period [May 1-15], C.S.S. Shenandoah "made northings" towards the Bering Sea whaling ground through pleasant seas that would soon change in the high parallels. After departing Lea Harbor, Ponape, in the Caroline Islands, on 13 April, the lone raider had experienced fine cruising-except for lack of prizes. After the vessel had reached the parallel of 43º north the weather became cold and foggy and the winds were variable and unsteady, and that ever reliable friend of the sailor, the barometer, indicated atmospheric changes – a typhoon was coming and hit Shenandoah heavily.

Rear Admiral Thatcher accepted an offer from Commodore Ebenezer Farrand, CSN, to surrender all Confederate naval forces, officers, men, and public property yet afloat under his command and now blockaded by a portion of our naval forces in the Tombigbee River [Alabama]." The formal capitulation took place on the 10th and included C.S.S. Nashville, Morgan, Baltic, and Black Diamond.

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day 1865
PostPosted: Mon May 04, 2015 8:53 pm 
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May 5, 1865 Friday
There now remained only the Confederate forces of E. Kirby Smith in the Trans-Mississippi as a major Southern army. President Davis was at Sandersville, Georgia. Skirmishing occurred in the Perche Hills, Missouri and at Summerville, Georgia. A Union expedition operated until May 13 from Pulaski, Tennessee to New Market, Alabama.

Connecticut becomes the twentieth state to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment.

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day 1865
PostPosted: Tue May 05, 2015 8:31 pm 
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May 6, 1865 Saturday
The Federal War Department issued orders setting up the military commission to try the alleged Lincoln conspirators. The commission was headed by Maj Gen David Hunter, with Brig Gen Joseph Holt as judge advocate. A small Federal expedition operated from Richmond to Staunton and Charlottesville, Virginia; and another until May 11 from Little Rock to Bayou Meto and Little Bayou, Arkansas. President Davis, near Sandersville, Georgia was trying to get south of points occupied by Federals. Various cavalry units, now actively pursuing the Confederate leader, scoured the country. James Harrison Wilson, USA, is appointed to Major General.

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Gen Ned Simms
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Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day 1865
PostPosted: Wed May 06, 2015 7:23 pm 
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May 7, 1865 Sunday
Colonel Simon Jones, 93rd U. S. Colored Troops, USA, assumes command of the Federal Carrollton District, Louisiana.

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Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day 1865
PostPosted: Thu May 07, 2015 8:38 pm 
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May 8, 1865 Monday
The Federal commissioners of E.R.S. Canby accepted the paroles of Richard Taylor’s troops in Mississippi, Alabama, and east Louisiana. Canby was under orders to prepare part of an expedition planned by Grant into the Trans-Mississippi, where the last sizable force of Confederates still held out. There was also talk of negotiations in the Trans-Mississippi. Throughout the Confederacy small groups and individual soldiers surrendered or just went home. Near Readsville, Missouri there was a skirmish. Union scouts operated until the tenth in Saline, La Fayette, and Cooper counties, Missouri, and until the twentieth from Plum Creek to Midway Station, Nebraska Territory. An expedition from Spring Hill, Alabama to Baton Rouge, Louisiana lasted until the twenty-second. James Meech Warner, USA, is appointed to Brigadier General. U.S.S. Isonomia, commanded by Lieutenant L. D. D. Voorhees, captured blockade running British bark George Douthwaite off the Warrior River, Florida, with cargo of sugar, rum, wool, ginger, and mahogany.

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day 1865
PostPosted: Fri May 08, 2015 6:56 pm 
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May 9, 1865 Tuesday
In Arkansas negotiations were going on at Chalk Bluff on the St Francis River for the surrender of the men of Brig Gen M. Jeff Thompson ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M._Jeff_Thompson ), the eccentric and brilliant Confederate leader in Missouri and the West. President Johnson recognized Francis H. Pierpoint as governor of Virginia. During the war Pierpoint had headed a Union “restored” state of Virginia in the territory held by Federals. The trial of the eight accused Lincoln assassination conspirators began. Lieutenant General Nathan Bedford Forrest, CSA, officially disbands his cavalry command.

President and Mrs Davis met near Dublin on the Oconee River in Georgia. Meanwhile, Federal cavalry closed in on the remnant of the Confederate government.

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day 1865
PostPosted: Sat May 09, 2015 9:21 pm 
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May 10, 1865 Wednesday
Early in the morning Federal troops surprised the encampment of President Davis near Irwinville, Georgia. President Davis, Mrs Davis, Postmaster General Reagan, presidential secretary Burton Harrison, and a few others were taken into custody. There are numerous accounts of the capture and details are contradictory. There were reports of Davis being taken in woman’s dress, in various forms of disguise, and of his trying to escape. Many of these stories appear to be exaggerated. Apparently he did wear a waterproof raincoat and had a shawl on due to the rain, and was first found a short distance from his tent in a futile effort to escape the Fourth Michigan Cavalry. Other officials of the Confederacy were taken into custody elsewhere, while a few, Judah Benjamin among them, escaped. With the capture of Davis the Confederate government ceased to exist. Davis was taken to Macon, Georgia and thence to Fort Monroe, Virginia where he was imprisoned. At first he was kept in chains in a cell, but eventually conditions improved and his family was allowed to be with him. He was released May 13, 1867, without trial. But in mid-1865 feeling ran high in some quarters. There was talk of trial and execution. There was quarreling over the reward for the capture and considerable criticism of the Union cavalry operations. Rumors had it that Sherman and others actually desired the escape of Davis to avoid future political trouble. Mr Davis himself maintained a quiet and dignified bearing throughout his capture and incarceration. There is no substantial evidence that any large sum of Confederate treasure was permanently lost. Funds had been dissipated for various purposes, and part of the gold being carried belonged to Richmond banks, to which it was returned.

President Johnson said in a proclamation that “armed resistance to the authority of this Government in the said insurrectionary States may be regarded as virtually at an end….” Therefore the Navy should arrest the crews of commerce raiders still on the high seas and bring them in. He also warned against continued hospitality by foreign powers to Confederate cruisers. The blockade of states east of the Mississippi River was partially lifted.

Confederate Maj Gen Samuel Jones ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sam_Jones_ ... my_officer) ) surrendered forces under his command at Tallahassee, Florida. William Clarke Quantrill ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Quantrill ), twenty-seven-year-old Confederate guerrilla leader who depredations had added so much horror to the war in Missouri, was fatally wounded by an irregular force of Federals near Taylorsville in Spencer County, Kentucky. He and a small group of followers had been looting in Kentucky. Quantrill died on June 6 in Louisville.

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day 1865
PostPosted: Sun May 10, 2015 4:00 pm 
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May 11, 1865 Thursday
Brig Gen M. Jeff Thompson surrendered what was left of his famous brigade at Chalk Bluff, Arkansas under the same terms as Grant offered Lee. Small groups continued to surrender east of the Mississippi River as well. Federal troops, including many Negroes, moved out from the Gulf Coast area of Brazos Santiago, toward Brownsville, Texas. C.S.S. Stonewall arrived at Havana. Lewis Baldwin Parsons, USA, is appointed to Brigadier General.

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day 1865
PostPosted: Mon May 11, 2015 6:47 pm 
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May 12, 1865 Friday
In the last land engagement of any significance, Federal troops from Brazos Santiago Post, Texas under Col Theodore H. Barrett marched inland toward Brownsville and attacked Palmito Ranch on the banks of the Rio Grande. The camp was taken, but Federals evacuated under pressure. They returned the morning of the thirteenth, again moving toward Palmito Ranch, which had been reoccupied by the Confederates. The Union force was successful in the morning, but in midafternoon of May 13 the Confederates attacked and forced the Union troops to withdraw with considerable casualties. Col John S. Ford, known as RIP or “Rest in Peace” Ford, led the main Southern drive. The skirmish, known as Palmito Ranch, of course had little bearing on the war. However, it was the last fighting between sizable bodies of men and, ironically, was a Confederate victory ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Palmito_Ranch and http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/palmito-ranch.html ).

In Washington the eight accused Lincoln assassination conspirators pleaded not guilty to both specifications and charges before the military commission sitting as their court. Taking of testimony then began. President Johnson appointed Maj Gen O.O. Howard to head the Freedmen’s Bureau. Brevet Major General Adelbert Ames ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adelbert_Ames ), USA, assumes command of the Federal 10th Army Corps.

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day 1865
PostPosted: Tue May 12, 2015 6:00 pm 
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May 13, 1865 Saturday
At Marshall, Texas the Confederate governors of Arkansas, Louisiana, Missouri, and a representative of Texas met with E. Kirby Smith and other ranking officers. There was a threat by Brig Gen Jo Shelby and others to arrest Smith unless he continued the war. The governors drew up terms which they advised Smith to accept. Brigadier General John M. Thayer ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Milton_Thayer ), USA, is assigned command of the Federal District of Eastern Arkansas.

C.S.S. Shenandoah, then south of the Kuriles, steadily headed North, her position unknown in the vast distances of the Pacific. The threat of this single raider, however, created consternation far across the world. The merchants of New London, Connecticut, requested Secretary Welles to protect their whaling vessels in the Arctic and Pacific Oceans from the destructive raids of C.S.S. Shenandoah. Previously New England ship owners had sought protection by purchasing additional insurance, When the news arrived from England that Shenandoah was on her way to the Arctic, the leading maritime insurance carrier in New England did a booming business. In a three day period the Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company collected $350,000 in premiums from ship owners increasing coverage on their vessels. During the course of one day alone, the company received $118,978 in premiums--the largest sum written by the company during a 24 hour period until the start of World War I.

_________________
Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day 1865
PostPosted: Wed May 13, 2015 6:01 pm 
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May 14, 1865 Sunday
Slight skirmishing on the Little Piney River in Missouri, and a three-day Federal expedition from Brashear City to Ratliff’s Plantation, Louisiana marked the day.

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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 Post subject: Re: The American Civil War, Day by Day 1865
PostPosted: Thu May 14, 2015 3:15 pm 
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May 15, 1865 Monday
There was a Union scout from Pine Bluff to Johnston’s Farm, Arkansas. Secretary Welles wrote Rear Admiral Thatcher of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron that "it appears that blockade running at Galveston is still carried on with much success." Between 15 April and 1 May six runners, including the elusive Denbigh, were reported to have put into Havana with cargoes of cotton, all from Galveston.

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Gen Ned Simms
1/1/XIV Corps/AotC
Blood 'n Guts hisself, a land lovin' pirate. Show me some arty tubes and we'll charge 'em.
VMI Class of '00


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